Lu Xun’s Former Residence in Beijing located at No. 19, Gongmenkou 2nd Lane, Inner Fuchengmen Street(originally No.21 West Third Lane), inside Lu Xun Museum which was established in 1956 to commemorate Lu Xun (1881-1936), the pioneer of modern Chinese literature. This small quadrangle was bought and redesigned by Lu Xun himself in 1924, and was donated to the state by Lu Xun’s successor after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The museum houses more than 30,000 items of cultural significance of and about Lu Xun. Additionally, a large-scale permanent exhibition is devoted to the life and works of this great writer.
In the former residence, there are three rooms on the north, the ｍｉｄdle one is the dinning room, and rooms east and west were the residences of Lu Xun"s mother and his first wife, Zhu An. A small room of 8 square meters attached to the north of the ｍｉｄdle room, is the bedroom and study of Lu Xun, also called "tiger’s tail". The south three rooms are reception room and library. The east wing-room was occupied by maidservants but now becomes the exhibition room that displays the life of Lu Xun’s family when he lived here.
In 2006, Lu Xun’s Former Residence was designated as a key protected cultural site by the national government.
撰文： 北京鲁迅博物馆研究室 黄乔生
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